Can You Use BBQ Grill As Fire Pit?

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Key Takeaways:

  • A BBQ grill can be used as a fire pit with proper precautions for safety, cleaning, ventilation, and fuel.
  • Grates should be removed and only wood or charcoal used – not fire logs, which produce extreme heat.
  • Consider stability, proximity to flammables, and having fire safety equipment nearby.
  • Thorough cleaning is essential to remove grease and food residue before use as a fire pit.
  • Ensure the grill has adequate ventilation to prevent buildup of smoke and fumes.


Backyard fire pits have become increasingly popular for creating an inviting ambiance and gathering space. With their pre-built enclosures and smoke ventilation, purpose-built fire pits allow for safe recreation. But factory-made fire pits can be expensive. A versatile alternative is using an existing BBQ grill as a fire pit.

This article will comprehensively evaluate the possibilities and precautions for using a standard BBQ grill as an improvised fire pit. Can a grill safely and effectively contain a recreational fire? What procedures are needed for setup and fuel? How can potential risks be mitigated? By covering these considerations in detail, readers will discover the key factors in successfully and responsibly using a grill as a fire pit.

With summer barbecue season in full swing, many households already own a grill suitable for double duty as a fire pit. This guide will empower readers with the knowledge to enhance their outdoor living spaces while saving money compared to purchasing a prefabricated fire pit. By using an existing grill, families and outdoor enthusiasts can easily create the ambiance of an open-air fire for a fraction of the cost.

Whether using a simple charcoal kettle grill or a more elaborate gas model, this comprehensive guide lays out the essential information for protecting safety. With prudent precautions, tried-and-tested techniques, and the right expectations, BBQ grills can safely and effectively provide many nights of glow and warmth as cozy fire pits. Read on to learn the necessary considerations.

Can You Use a BBQ Grill as a Fire Pit?

What Precautions Are Needed for Safety When Using a Grill as a Fire Pit?

Outdoor open flames always require caution. But a grill can contain a recreational fire safely with smart precautions. The most important safety steps are:

Ensure a stable, level surface: Place the grill on a flat pad or patio blocks to prevent tipping. Soft ground can shift under the weight. Level positioning also helps contain sparks and embers.

Keep away from flammables: Position the grill fire pit at least 25 feet away from structures, trees and brush. Avoid placing on wood decks or beneath patio covers. Have a fire extinguisher or garden hose nearby.

Allow for ventilation: Keep the lid open while in use as a fire pit so smoke and fumes can properly vent and not accumulate.

Monitor the fire: Attend the fire at all times and have water or a fire extinguisher on hand in case of emergencies. Ensure the fire is completely extinguished before leaving.

With basic safety steps like these, a grill can be used for recreational campfires or chats around the fire with minimal risk. Always keep fire safety in mind.

What Type of BBQ Grill Works Best as a Fire Pit?

The specific construction of a grill affects its effectiveness and safety as a fire pit. Grills made from sturdy, non-flammable metal with good ventilation and enclosure work best.

Charcoal kettle grills – The simple, open grill design contains embers and allows air flow. The deep basin safely contains a small campfire.

Built-in brick grills – Constructed fireboxes contain the fire safely away from flammables. Vents allow oxygen for the fire.

Gas grills – Remove lava rocks and grease catchers. The grated lid allows air intake. Use wood or charcoal only, not gas.

Pellet grills – Remove the heat diffuser and grease tray. Pellet dump boxes can help feed fuel slowly.

WARNING: Avoid makeshift fire pits without adequate ventilation or enclosure. Items like wheelbarrows or metal tubs collect heat and hazardous smoke.

How Should You Prepare a Grill Before Using as a Fire Pit?

Proper preparation is key to safely using a BBQ grill as an impromptu fire pit:

Thoroughly clean the grill – Remove any grease buildup or food debris inside the grill. This prevents flareups when used for a recreational fire.

Remove cooking grates – Take out all grill grates and guards to protect them from fire damage. Grates are not needed and removing them allows more air intake.

Keep cover accessible – While the grill lid should remain open during the fire, keep the cover nearby in case you need to quickly smother the fire.

Check for stability – Ensure the grill maintains a stable, level position and does not wobble when tapped or leaned on.

Have safety equipment ready – Have firefighting items like an extinguisher and garden hose or buckets of water nearby in case they are needed to contain the fire.

Taking these preparatory steps will create the safest setup and mitigate risks when repurposing your grill as a cozy fire pit.

What Fuel Should You Use in a Grill Fire Pit?

The right fuel choice is important for safety and avoiding damage.

Use plain wood or charcoal – Avoid lighter fluid or other accelerants which could flare up dangerously. Natural wood provides the safest, steadiest fuel.

Avoid fire logs – Logs made from compressed sawdust burn extremely hot. They can overheat and warp a grill not designed as a fire pit.

No gas! – If using a gas grill, do not light the gas burners. This subjects the internal components to excessive heat.

Easy on the airflow – Avoid stoking the fire too much. Maintain a steady, low-oxygen fire to prevent overheating the grill.

In general, plain wood or lump charcoal are the safest and most controllable fuels for an improvised grill fire pit. Take care not to create an excessively hot fire that could damage the grill.

Are There Any Other Safety Tips for Using a Grill as a Fire Pit?

When repurposing a grill as a recreational fire pit, remember:

  • Never leave the fire unattended. Always monitor the fire until completely extinguished.
  • Allow the grill to cool fully before moving it or emptying ashes. Slowly douse spent ashes with water.
  • Keep children and pets safely back from the fire at all times. Have safety items like a fire blanket nearby.
  • Avoid burning trash, leaves or other debris which can create harmful smoke. Only use dry, untreated wood.
  • Position away from flammables and maintain at least 5 feet of clearance on all sides of the fire.
  • Do not try to cook food over the fire in the grill. This can cause dangerous grease flareups.

The right safety precautions allow grills to be successfully used for small backyard fires. But always exercise caution around open flames.

What Are Some Alternatives if You Don’t Want to Use Your BBQ Grill as a Fire Pit?

If you decide that using your grill as a fire pit is not the right choice, safer options include:

  • Purpose-built steel fire pits – These are designed specifically for recreational fires. Models with mesh screens contain sparks.
  • Chimineas – The enclosed, high-tech designs burn safely for ambiance and warmth.
  • Outdoor fireplaces – Enclosed fireboxes provide a refined, decorative option for open-air fires.
  • Portable fire bowls – Contained steel bowls come in a range of sizes, some compact enough to be tabletop centerpieces.
  • Backyard fire tables – Complete with burner, stone or metal tabletop, and ignition system for instant ambiance.

Look for well-constructed fire pits with ventilation systems, protective screens, and solid fuel containment. While improvising with a grill can work, purpose-built fire features provide added safety.

Turning Your Fire Pit Into a Grill

Many fire pits can “go both ways” and also be used for cooking with the right accessories. Here are tips for using basic fire pits, chimineas and fire tables as grills:

Can You Use a Fire Pit as a Grill?

Yes, many fire pits can be adapted into grilling stations with the right equipment:

  • Cooking grate – Choose a grate designed to fit your fire pit dimensions. Sturdy metal tripod grates span the opening.
  • Rotisseries – Rotating skewers allow for even cooking over the fire. Motors attach to brackets or tripod legs.
  • Dutch ovens – Legs raise the oven above coals for baking or slow cooking stews.
  • Grill baskets – Compact grilling baskets hold foods like shrimp or vegetables. Long handles keep hands safely back.

Tip: Avoid placing grates or cookware directly on the ground surface inside a fire pit. This can scorch the finish. Elevate using legs or a tripod.

How Can You Use a Chiminea as a Grill?

The tall, upright shape and front-loading door of chimineas make them adaptable for grilling. Options include:

  • Cut a hole in the side – Carefully use a power tool to cut an opening, then add hinges and a grate. This creates direct grill access to the fire.
  • Top grilling – Balance a grill grate on the chiminea opening. Hoist foods up using a long paddle or tongs.
  • Rotisserie kit – Install brackets inside the chiminea to position rotisserie rods across the center over the firebox below.

Always let the chiminea cool fully before making any alterations. Use extreme caution when modifying the existing structure.

What’s the Best Way to Use a Fire Table as a Grill?

Purpose-built fire tables offer the most convenient grilling directly on the burner surface:

  • Remove tabletop – Lift off any stone, glass or metal table surface to expose the fire burner below.
  • Replace tops – Swap decor tops for a non-flammable grill grate accessory made to fit the burner.
  • Elevate foods – Use grilling baskets or tripods to raise foods above the burner for air circulation.

Gas-fueled fire tables often provide custom grill accessories from the manufacturer. But improvised grilling on the burner is also possible by carefully removing fragile decor surfaces.


While BBQ grills are not designed specifically as fire pits, they can serve this purpose effectively with smart precautions. Thorough cleaning, removing grates, proper fuel selection and fire safety steps allow grills to contain recreational fires when used responsibly. Families can enjoy an instant backyard fire pit without the expense of a built-in permanent model.

In return, many manufactured fire pits can also be adapted for grilling with the right grill grate, rotisserie or other accessories. Multi-purpose fire tables offer the ultimate flexibility to go from decorative ambiance to outdoor cooking with the flip of a switch or tabletop.

With the right preparations and expectations, a little improvisation allows BBQ grills and fire pits to pull double duty. Always maintain safety around open flames. By following this guide, you can maximize the use of your outdoor fire features.

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